What is Courgette?
Courgette is the British, and particularly the New Zealand, name for zucchinis. It is usually 1 meter long and its colour ranges from dark to light green with some mottling. Its flesh is white and tender with a light and delicate flavor. It resembles a cucumber in appearance but some varieties are round.it is picked when it is about 8 cm long and the seeds are soft and immature. When mature it can reach up to a length of 3 feet. It is often fibrous in nature and therefore, not fit to eat. The different variety includes, golden courgette which is brilliant golden-yellow skin that retains its color even after cooking.
The Round varieties are dense, heavy, and nearly seedless with smooth surface. While the Tatume, which is common in Mexico, has similar features of round variety but has the large oval shape. The Costata romanesco also known as cocozelle is a long, narrow variety with slight bulge at the bottom end. It features pale, raised ribs with mottled green skin. When solid and young, this squash is juicy and sweet. Also the Middle-Eastern types are stocky, pale green, tapering ends with a thick dark-green stem. They have smooth shiny skin and solid, crispy and flavorful flesh. The Yellow crooknecks have thick warty skin with markedly curved neck. They are crunchy in texture with sweet delicate flavor
Health Benefits of Courgette
Improves Eye Health: courgette when used externally helps to remove the puffy bags that develop around the eyes due to excessive water retention. The swelling around the eyes lessens due to the water-rich content. The carotenoid Beta-carotene can be converted into vitamin A in the body. The presence of Vitamin A in the squash helps in active cell development in the eyes, which enhances vision and helps in preventing age-related medical conditions affecting the eyes such as macular degeneration.
Guards Against Asthma and Strengthens Teeth And Bones: Courgette is a good source of vitamin C, it is considered a good food for fighting asthma. Vitamin C, a powerful anti-oxidant, plays a huge role in keeping the immune systems healthy and fighting respiratory problems. The anti-inflammatory properties help keep the lungs open and clear. Zucchini also contains calcium that helps the nervous system to function properly and gives strength to the bones and teeth.
Helps Lower Cholesterol: The high-fiber content in Courgette helps in lowering cholesterol. The high levels of vitamin A and Vitamin C delays the beginning of atherosclerosis by keeping the cholesterol from oxidizing the body’s blood vessels. Zucchini rids the body of excess toxins.
Good For The Heart: courgette contains good amounts of potassium that helps reduce blood pressure. It also contains moderate levels of folate that breaks down amino acids like homocysteine that cause heart attacks and strokes. The considerable amount of magnesium helps in keeping blood pressure at a normal rate and the heart beat at a steady
Weight Loss: Courgette has incredibly low calories that make it a much-preferred part of any weight loss diet. Substituting calorie rich foods with a sizable portion of courgette helps you in reducing the number of calories that are taken in. This makes it easier to burn off calories, thereby helping you lose weight. The fibre content helps in burning the fat in the body. courgette also keeps the body hydrated with its 95 percent water content. This gives you more energy and fewer headaches.
Promotes Prostate Health: The phytonutrients in Courgette help in reducing the symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BOH). This is a condition characterized by enlargement of the prostate gland, leading to complications with urination and sexual functions
Prevents Gout: Gout is a painful condition of the inflammation of the joints, caused due to excessive uric acid in the body. Courgette is a rich source of Omega-3 fatty acids and anti-inflammatory carotenoids that can counter the effects of excessive uric acid. Gout affects your knees and feet and often results in difficulties in walking. Its treatment requires a strict diet control which includes an increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and zero intake of red meat and fatty foods. The alkaline property of zucchini acts against the uric acid in your joints, thus relieving its symptoms.
Uses of Courgette
- It is used to flavor cakes and bread
- It is used to make salad
- It is used to make pizza