Home Health Rosacea: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk Factor, Treatment

Rosacea: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk Factor, Treatment


Types of Rosacea

There are four subtypes of rosacea. Each subtype has its own set of symptoms. It is possible to have more than one subtype of rosacea at a time.

The four types of rosacea are:

  • Subtype one: It is known as Erythemato Telangiectatic Rosacea (ETR), is associated with facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
  • Subtype two:  papulopustular (or acne) rosacea, is associated with acne-like breakouts, and often affects middle-aged women.
  • Subtype three: also known as rhinophyma, is a rare form associated with thickening of the skin on your nose. It usually affects men and is often accompanied by another subtype of rosacea.
  • Subtype four: is known as ocular rosacea, and its symptoms are centered on the eye area.

Rosacea symptoms are different between each subtype.

Signs of Acne Rosacea:

  • broken blood vessels that are visible
  • raised patches of skin
  • acne-like breakouts and very red skin
  • oily skin
  • sensitive skin

Signs of Ocular Rosacea:

  • dry, itchy eyes
  • eyes that are sensitive to light
  • cysts on eyes
  • bloodshot and watery eyes
  • eyes that feel gritty
  • burning or stinging sensation in the eyes
  • diminished vision
  • broken blood vessels on eyelids

Risk factors for Rosacea

There are some factors that will make you more likely to develop rosacea than others. Rosacea often develops in people between the ages of 30 and 50. It is also more common in people who are fair-skinned and have blond hair and blue eyes.

There are also genetic links to rosacea. You are more likely to develop rosacea if you have a family history of the condition or if you have Celtic or Scandinavian ancestors. Women are also more likely to develop the condition than men. However, men who develop the condition often have more severe symptoms.

Treatment for Rosacea

Rosacea cannot be cured, but you can take steps to control your symptoms.

Make sure to take care of your skin using gentle cleansers and oil-free, water-based skin-care products.

Avoid products that contain:

  • alcohol
  • menthol
  • witch hazel
  • exfoliating agents

These ingredients may irritate your symptoms.

Your doctor will work with you to develop a treatment plan. This is usually a regimen of antibiotic creams and oral antibiotics.

Keep a journal of the foods you eat and the cosmetics you put on your skin. This will help you figure out what makes your symptoms worse.

Other management steps include:

  • using lasers and light treatment to help with some severe cases of rosacea
  • microdermabrasion treatments to reduce thickening skin
  • taking eye medicines and antibiotics for ocular rosacea
  • avoiding direct sunlight and wearing sunscreen
  • avoiding drinking alcohol