What is Pea?
Peas is a type of legume that grow inside long, plump pods. It is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. A pod contains several peas
As is the case with all types of legume, their sugars start to turn to starch as shortly after they’re picked, so they are best eaten just-picked. Frozen peas are put on ice very soon after being picked (within three hours) and the flavour can be superior to that of fresh peas harvested a couple of days previously.
Health Benefits of Pea
Healthy bones: Just one cup of peas contain 44% of your Vitamin K which helps to anchor calcium inside the bones. It’s B vitamins also help to prevent osteoporosis.
Reduces bad cholesterol: The niacin in peas helps reduce, the production of triglycerides and VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein, which results in in less bad cholesterol, increased HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and lowered triglycerides.
Heart disease prevention: The many antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds support healthy blood vessels. The formation of plaque along our blood vessel walls starts with chronic, excessive oxidative stress and inflammation.The generous amounts of vitamin B1 and folate, B2, B3, and B6 reduce homocysteine levels which are risk factor for heart disease.
Immunity: High levels of antioxidants in peas prevent several reactions in the body that may cause serious diseases. They are rich sources of many minerals such as iron, calcium, zinc, copper, manganese etc. which enhances the immune system of your body.
Weight Management: Peas are low fat but high everything else. A cup of peas has less than 100 calories but lots of protein, fiber and micro-nutrients.
Uses of Pea
Boil (2-3 minutes – use the minimum amount of water needed, and don’t add salt, as they’ll toughen up. A pinch of sugar will bring out their sweetness). Steam (1-2 minutes).
Nutritional value of Pea
Fat free, cholesterol free, sodium free, excellent source of vitamin C, good source of vitamin A, folate and dietary fiber.