What is Mandarine or Tangerine?
Mandarin oranges with red orange skins are the most commonly found mandarin and are properly known as tangerine. Mandarins are fruits of an evergreen shrub native to Asia that belongs to the family of Rutaceae and are thought to have originated in the forests of China. Mandarin oranges resemble a common orange in shape but are smaller in size and come with a thin peel.
Clementine, Tangor and Satsuma and Tangelos are several hybrid varieties of tangerines:
Tangelos, also known as honeybell, are hybrid between tangerine and orange (Citrus sinensis) or grapefruit (Citrus paradisi). Tangelos, like tangerines, have loose skin and juicy sweet flavored segments. They are distinguished from oranges by a characteristic knob at the stem end of the fruit.
Tangors (Citrus nobilis) are cross between oranges (C. sinensis) and tangerine (C. reticulata). They feature large size, and sweet-tart flavor similar to oranges.
Clementines, another member of citrus family, are cross between mandarin and sweet oranges. They are smaller, have smooth glossy skin, and very sweet, juicy, almost seedless segments.
Health Benefits of Mandarine or Tangerine
Blood Pressure: Mandarins help to lower blood pressure levels. They consist of nutrients and minerals like potassium that lowers the blood pressure. Mandarins keep the blood flow move smoothly through the arteries which keeps the blood pressure normal.
Skin Health: Vitamin C present in Mandarin is very good for skin both when consumed internally and applied topically on the skin. Regular intake of mandarin juice makes the skin glow and improves the skin tone to a great extent. The antioxidants present in Mandarin protect the skin from harsh UVA rays and help the skin to resist the damage caused by the sun and free radicals. It also reduces the sign of ageing like wrinkles, fine lines and blemishes.
Improved Skin Tone: Mandarins are a good source of vitamin C and E. Both these are essential for a healthy looking skin. Regular intake of mandarins greatly improves the complexion. It also gives you flawless and blemish-free skin.
Fights Wrinkles: Mandarins are popular for fighting signs of ageing like wrinkles and fine lines. They can be either consumed raw or as juice, and can be applied topically as well.
Heals Wounds: Mandarin oil (extracted from mandarins) is found to be helpful in growing new cells and tissues. This helps in healing wounds faster.
Cancer: Research has revealed that mandarins can lower the risk of developing liver cancer. The carotenoids present mandarin oranges due to high Vitamin A have shown to reduce the risk of liver cancer. Mandarin juice given to hepatitis C patients failed to develop liver cancer because of its high beta cryptoxanthin content. Mandarin has a high level of limonene which has anti-cancer effects and also helps to prevent breast cancer.
Healthy Immune System: Vitamin C in Mandarin is instrumental in preventing cold and is vital for the proper functioning of a healthy immune system. Mandarins have anti-microbial properties that prevent wounds from getting septic and from viral, fungal and bacterial infections. Mandarins prevent spasm in the digestive and nervous system thus prevents cramps and vomiting. Mandarin is a natural blood purifier that helps to flush out toxins and unwanted substances from the body.
Antioxidant: Mandarin comes packed with antioxidants. It can provide 80% of your total daily vitamin C requirement. They help neutralize the harmful toxic effects of free radicals. This makes your skin look younger and healthy.
Glowing Skin: Mandarins come with a lot of dietary fiber. This makes it easy to cleanse the system. It flushes out all harmful toxins from one’s body. This gives a healthy and natural glow to your face.
Nutritional value of Mandarine or Tangerines
The following data is provided by USDA. A serving of tangerines in about a cup which contains 195 grams of its segments contains 103 calories. The daily value percentage of components is:
Vitamin A 27%
Vitamin C 87%
Calcium 7 %
Mandarine or Tangerines contain the following nutritional count: carbohydrates 26 grams, proteins 1.6 grams, fat 0.6 grams and minerals close to 455 milligrams. Thus Tangerine is a low saturated fat content type which is a good source for Vitamins and has a major portion of its calories coming from natural sugars.
Differences Between a Mandarin and a Tangerine
At first glance, a mandarin orange and a tangerine look similar. Both are orange in color, grow on trees, are similar in taste and appearance, and are varieties of citrus fruit. To the untrained eye and palate, it can be confusing, but there are differences that allow you to tell them apart. Once you’ve learned the characteristics of the mandarin orange and the tangerine, you’ll never be fooled again.
Mandarin oranges and tangerines are both members of the citrus family known as Rutaceae and resemble small oranges. Mandarins and tangerines are both technically mandarins, but the tangerine is a variety in the subgroup of the mandarin family and varies from the mandarin its characteristics. Therefore, all tangerines are considered mandarins, but not all mandarins are classed as tangerines.
Shape, Skin and Color
The tangerine has a reddish-orange color and is noticeably darker than the mandarin. Mandarins have a lighter orange hue that is not as intense. The mandarin orange has a smoother, thinner skin when compared with the tangerine, which is pebbly and thicker skinned. The mandarin orange is oblate in shape with a somewhat squashed appearance, while the tangerine is rounder and more spherical. The mandarin is more tender than the tangerine and more easily bruised. The tangerine is tougher and hardier when it comes to shipping and survival of colder temperatures.
Mandarin oranges have a gentler, sweeter taste, while the tangerine is a bit more tart. Both are less tart than a regular orange. Mandarin oranges, often sold already peeled in cans or jars, are frequently used in fruit salads, lettuce salads and cakes, while tangerines are often used in cooked duck and chicken dishes.
The mandarin orange was named because of the way their rich orange color matched the robes of the Mandarin Chinese and because they were a delicacy for the upper classes in that society. Tangerines are believed to have been named because they arrived through the shipping route via Tangiers.